Sprache: Englisch. Correspondents say the mere accusation of blasphemy is enough to make someone a target for hardliners, as is defending those accused of blasphemy or calling for the laws to be reformed. The blasphemy law in Pakistan is found in several sections of the Pakistan Penal Code, including Section 295 B and C and 298 A, B, and C.It imposes a variety of penalties for different forms of blasphemy, including the death penalty for anyone found to have "by words or visible representation or by an imputation or insinuation, directly or indirectly, defiled the name of the Muhammad of Islam "." More awareness and training regarding blasphemy law is required for the imams, investigating officers, prosecutors, judges and lawyers.[39]. [30], With regard to the abusive use of blasphemy law against non-Muslims, the US Department of State reported a total of 1,032 people being charged under Pakistan’s blasphemy law between 1987 and 2009. Additional laws, seemingly specific to the context of Islam, had been introduced within the ambit of blasphemy as well. On the other hand, the offence of blasphemy allegedly committed by a Muslim would invoke hadd punishment for violating the right of Allah (or the Prophet as Allah’s Messenger), therefore all the standard evidentiary rules required for hadd offences must apply. From 1967 to 2014, over 1,300 people have been accused of blasphemy, with Muslims constituting most of those accused. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. WCC public hearing debates “misuse of blasphemy laws” in Pakistan . [12], In 1991, the law was challenged again in another case[13] by Ismail Qureshi who argued that for the offence of apostasy, death was a hadd punishment (prescribed by religion, as opposed to tazir punishment prescribed by the legislature or judiciary), therefore the same punishment should be given for committing the crime of blasphemy against any Prophet. [17], Ibn Abidin, a prominent Islamic scholar and jurist of the Hanafi school of thought, has thoroughly explained that an alleged perpetrator of both blasphemy and apostasy can repent and that his or her repentance can be accepted. [22], Hanafi jurists[23] regard blasphemy committed by a non-Muslim as a siyasah offence and if the convict repents, his or her repentance may be accepted and he or she may be pardoned unless deemed a potential threat to the community, but even in that situation he or she is still to be awarded punishment under the doctrine of siyasah and not as a hadd punishment.[24]. His appeal against the decision only earned him a reduction in punishment, thus he challenged the decision before a Single Bench of the Lahore High Court which acquitted him on the basis that section 153A was not meant to stop polemics against a deceased religious leader ‘however scurrilous and in bad taste such attack might have been’. Therefore, apostasy alone will not attract the death punishment if the apostate repents and re-embraces Islam. However, statutory rights are available to individuals who have been denied bail if their trials or appeals have not been heard within a year. He wanted to "Islamicise" them and also legally to separate the Ahmadi community, declared non-Muslim in 1973, from the main body of Pakistan's overwhelmingly Muslim population. Her bill sought to change procedures of religious offences so that they would be reported to a higher police official and the cases heard directly by the higher courts. [3] § 295 forbids damaging or defiling a place of worship or a sacred object. Have trade talks taken a turn for the worse? .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Pakistan police officer kills 'blasphemer' with axe, Pakistan Minorities Minister Shahbaz Bhatti shot dead, Pakistan blasphemy Scot 'too unwell' for prison, Pakistan 'blasphemy lawyer' shot dead in Multan office, Pakistan arrests 43 over 'blasphemy' killings, Time running out as Brexit trade talks restart. The law department is yet to make any recommendations public. Video'Change has arrived’: Why Thailand is in crisis, The hidden story of African-Irish children, 'Covid killed my wife - so I'm testing a new vaccine'. Many misguided people, including the complainants and their supporters, believe themselves to be entitled to take the law into their own hands, while the police merely watches from the sidelines.[36]. When the bodyguard who killed Taseer, Mumtaz Qadri, was executed in 2016, thousands turned out for the funeral. The law continues to be a cause for concern because of the patent defects in its form and procedure, exacerbated by Pakistan’s current social and political milieu. According to him, Islamic law prescribed death as punishment for blasphemy (s.295-C), whereas the existing provision prescribed imprisonment. Booklet. Blasphemy Laws in Pakistan are one of the most draconian laws in the world and carry a possible death sentence to anyone who insults Islam or the Prophet. We have seen how, in the past, blasphemy has been used as a political tool.” […]