For his bands, he created a slick, polished image designed to appeal to the American mainstream. Music in the 1920's was dominated by jazz, blues and the traveling dance bands that played what was popular at the time. It proved to be a precursor for the punk movement in the late 1970s. Early hip-hop artists sampled all types of music, like funk, soul, and jazz, later adding special effects to the samples and experimenting with techniques such as rotating or scratching records back and forth to create a rhythmic pattern. Soul music, which grew up alongside rock and roll, also developed out of African American gospel, and rhythm and blues traditions. This ultimately resulted in payola—the illegal practice of receiving payment from a record company for broadcasting a particular song on the radio. Records were created especially for discos, and record companies churned out tunes that became huge hits on the dance floor. But as soul peaked in 1974 and slowly began to fade, rock continued to climb. Whereas many British youths expressed their displeasure through punk music, many disenfranchised Black American youths in the 1980s turned to hip-hop—a term for the urban culture that includes break dancing, graffiti art, and the musical techniques of rapping, sampling, and scratching records. In the early 1980s, a second wave of rap artists brought inner-city rap to American youths by mixing it with hard guitar rock. Boosted by the success of 1977 film Saturday Night Fever, disco’s popularity spread across the country. It stands in contrast to both art music and traditional or "folk" music.Art music was historically disseminated through the performances of written music… King, John Lee Hooker, and Howlin’ Wolf with the country-western tradition of Roy Acuff, Ernest Tubb, and Jimmie Rodgers, and added a touch of gospel (Elvis). Wolfe, Tom. While much has been written about the origin and evolution of pop, most claims about its history are anecdotal rather than scientific in nature. The reaction Presley inspired among hordes of adolescent girls—screaming, crying, rioting—solidified his reputation as the first true rock and roll icon. By hiring songwriters to compose music based on public demand and mainstream tastes, the Tin Pan Alley publishers introduced the concept of popular music as we know it. Britney Spears was one of the driving forces behind the teen-pop phenomenon of the late 1990s, paving the way for pop stars Christina Aguilera and Pink. Stations became more dependent on recorded music to fill airtime, and in 1955 the Top 40 format was born. The electric guitar, first produced by Adolph Rickenbacker in 1931, changed music by intensifying the sound and creating a louder volume that could cut through noise in bars and nightclubs (Rickenbacker, 2010). In 1877, Edison discovered that sound could be reproduced using a strip of tinfoil wrapped around a rotating metal cylinder. Hip-hop dominated the 1980s, and its popularity continued into the 1990s and 2000s. The Beatles’ genial personalities and catchy pop tunes made them an instant success in the United States, and their popularity was heightened by several appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show. The greater range and sensitivity of the electrical broadcasting microphone revolutionized gramophone recording to such an extent that sheet music sales plummeted. Genova, Tom. Artists such as Jimi Hendrix, Jefferson Airplane, the Grateful Dead, and the Doors believed that the listening experience could be enhanced using mind-altering drugs (Rounds, 2007). Their appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show a few days later was the largest audience for an American television program, with approximately one in three Americans (74 million) tuning in (Gould, 2007). Protest music in the 1960s was closely aligned with the hippie culture, in which some viewed taking drugs as a form of personal expression and free speech. SUPPORT ME VIA PATREON: HAYENMILL.COM or PATREON.COM/HAYENMILL READ THIS FIRST A complete LIST OF THE SONGS by year is available in this link. However, in America and Great Britain, the 1900 … The conclusion is that the words lost their importance in the music in the last decade or so. Demers, Joanna. Vaudeville and Ragtime Dance The widespread commercialism of music and dance dates back to the turn of the century when Vaudeville was the popular venue. In 1952, the Dolphin’s of Hollywood record store in Los Angeles, which specialized in R&B music, noted that 40 percent of its sales were to White individuals (Szatmary, 2010). Surf music, embodied by artists such as the Beach Boys, Jan and Dean, and Dick Dale, celebrated the aspects of youth culture in California. The first stirrings of popular or pop music—any genre of music that appeals to a wide audience or subculture—began in the late 19th century, with discoveries by Thomas Edison and … Combining elements of skiffle—a type of music played on rudimentary instruments, such as banjos, guitars, or homemade instruments—doo-wop, and soul, the four mop-haired musicians from Liverpool, England, created a genre of music known as Merseybeat, named after the River Mersey. Find out how the arrival of blues and jazz transformed popular music paving the way for modern music. Carrying on the legacy of the 1930s labor activist Woody Guthrie, singer-songwriters such as Joan Baez; Peter, Paul, and Mary; and Bob Dylan sang social protest songs about civil rights, discrimination against Black Americans, and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Artists such as Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five added political and social commentary on the realities of life in low-income, high-crime areas—a trend that would continue with later rappers such as Public Enemy and Ice-T. Although banned from some stations, others embraced the popular new music. This new … An alternative style of hip-hop emerged in the 2000s that infused positive messages and an element of social conscience to the music that was missing from early hip-hop tracks. These big band orchestras used an arranger to limit improvisation by assigning parts of a piece of music to various band members. The first stirrings of popular or pop music—any genre of music that appeals to a wide audience or subculture—began in the late 19th century, with discoveries by Thomas Edison and Emile Berliner. Broadly referring to music that is passed down orally through the generations, folk music retained an unpolished, amateur quality that inspired participation and social awareness. Reacting against the commercialism of disco and corporate rock, punk artists created a minimalist, angry form of rock that returned to rock and roll basics: simple chord structures, catchy tunes, and politically motivated lyrics. Elvis, “Biography,” Elvis Presley: Official Site of the King of Rock ’n’ Roll, http://www.elvis.com/about-the-king/biography_.aspx. Heavily influenced by his rural Southern roots, Presley combined the R&B music of bluesmen B. The new medium spread rapidly, primarily because of cheaper mass-production costs and war-related improvements in technology. This would have a huge impact on the popular music industry, enabling members of the middle class to purchase technology that was previously available only to an elite few. In Detroit, some Black performers were developing a sound that would have crossover appeal with both Black and White audiences. “Sampling the 1970s in Hip-Hop,” Popular Music 21 (2003): 41–56. Vaudeville was a theatrical style of … While much has been written about the origin and evolution of pop, most claims about its history are anecdotal rather than scientific in nature. Jazz and blues emerged from New Orleans and the Mississippi Delta during the 1930s, and musical styles adapted as people migrated to Northern urban areas. King surged in popularity among White and Black teenagers alike. They described their new culture as hip-hop, after a common phrase chanted at dance parties in New York’s Bronx borough. Amid the roadblocks to pop music, the industry continued to grow and soon, the barriers between races blurred. Stuart Blacklock – Leevers Rich series D2B – CC BY-ND 2.0. ... Rock and soul were the most popular music genres from the mid-60s to mid-70s. The terms popular music and pop music are often used interchangeably, although the former describes all music that is popular and includes many disparate styles. “Number of TV Households in America,” Television History – The First 75 Years, http://www.tvhistory.tv/Annual_TV_Households_50-78.JPG. The evolution of Pop dance goes hand-in-hand with the evolution of popular industrialized music. &ÿ&†TIƒ¹B7ȤšBfµo@*Mœ 9£Z²úu«ÕòQõ9àXæ˜Lê’Ô­P7Pþ ú‘ˆ±ãËViɨ†Pƒc8¢SÝ ®÷lXlÇß­b`h²b CÊ Many of the structural regularities underlying musical discourse are yet to be discovered and, accordingly, their historical evolution remains formally unknown. Szatmary, David. The introduction of radio broadcasting provided a valuable link between urban city centers and small, rural towns. Nirvana’s success paved the way for other alternative rock bands, including Green Day, Pearl Jam, and Nine Inch Nails. However, when radio broadcasting emerged in the early 1920s, both gramophone sales and sheet-music sales began to suffer. Determine the influences and characteristics of each genre of popular music. The 33 rpm discs became the standard form for full albums and would dominate the recorded music industry until the advent of the compact disc (CD). Pop music is often considered a reflection of changing culture in the United States — and between 1960 and 2010, songs featured in the Billboard Hot 100 varied greatly. Pop music stayed strong throughout the decade with Gwen Stefani, Mariah Carey, Beyoncé, Katy Perry, and Lady Gaga achieving mainstream success. The flowering of various musical styles since the early 20th century becomes clear, with a variety of different music options. Musically, this ideological shift resulted in the creation of glam rock, an extravagant, self-indulgent form of rock that incorporated flamboyant costumes, heavy makeup, and elements of hard rock and pop. The invention of the phonograph and gramophone in the late 19th century enabled the reproduction and mass distribution of sound recordings for the first time. By the end of the 1990s, mainstream tastes leaned toward pop music. By the end of the decade, country artists, like Carrie Underwood and Taylor Swift, transitioned from country stars to bona fide pop stars. VersusLiveQuizShow – Taylor Swift (2007) – CC BY-SA 2.0. In 1948, Columbia Records perfected the 12-inch 33 rpm long-playing (LP) disc, which could play up to 25 minutes per side and had a lower level of surface noise than the earlier (and highly breakable) shellac discs (Lomax, 2003). The radio industry adapted by focusing on music, joining forces with the recording industry to survive. Rickenbacker, “Early Years: The Earliest Days of the Electric Guitar,” Rickenbacker International Corporation, June 22, 2010, http://www.rickenbacker.com/history_early.asp; Mary Bellis, “The History of Guitar and Electric Guitar,” About.com Guide, http://inventors.about.com/od/gstartinventions/a/guitar_2.htm. By the early 1950s, this musical blend gave birth to “rock and roll.” Indeed, pop music as it is today would not be what it is today without that evolution. Taking its name from a blues slang term for sex, the music obtained instant notoriety, gaining widespread support among teenage music fans and widespread dislike among the older generation (History Of Rock). The flat discs were cheaper and easier to produce than were the cylinders they replaced, enabling the mass production of sound recordings. The Evolution of Music. The first stirrings of popular or pop music—any genre of music that appeals to a wide audience or subculture—began in the late 19th century, with discoveries by Thomas Edison and Emile Berliner. The branching out of rock and roll continued in several other directions throughout the 1960s. It offers an in-depth study and detailed analysis of the dramatic events and talented individuals who created and later influenced the eclectic, vibrant, and … This would include a vast range of music from vaudeville and … During this time, jazz music began to take on a big band style, combining elements of ragtime, Black spirituals, blues, and European music. Like the skiffle bands of the 1950s, the appeal of punk rock was that anyone with basic musical skills could participate. The urban Chicago blues typified by artists such as Muddy Waters, Howlin’ Wolf, and B. Hip-hop and gangsta rap maintained their popularity in the early 1990s with artists such as Tupac Shakur, the Notorious B.I.G., Dr. Dre, Eazy-E, Ice Cube, and Snoop Dogg at the top of the charts. The groups were aggressively marketed to teen audiences. The ascendance of Tin Pan Alley coincided with the emergence of jazz in New Orleans. Opera singers were the stars of the 19th century, and their music generated most of the sheet music sales in the United States. Originating in the Mississippi Delta, just upriver from New Orleans, blues music was exemplified in the work of W. C. Handy, Ma Rainey, Robert Johnson, and Lead Belly, among others. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/6729847.stm, http://www.edsullivan.com/artists/the-rolling-stones, http://www.elvis.com/about-the-king/biography_.aspx, http://www.tvhistory.tv/Annual_TV_Households_50-78.JPG, http://www.notablebiographies.com/Gi-He/Gordy-Jr-Berry.html, http://www.pbs.org/americanrootsmusic/pbs_arm_saa_bobdylan.html, http://www.rickenbacker.com/history_early.asp, http://inventors.about.com/od/gstartinventions/a/guitar_2.htm. In the 1920s, Tin Pan Alley’s dominance of the popular music industry was threatened by two technological developments: the advent of electrical recording and the rapid growth of radio. Music Genres Timeline Timeline Description: The timeline below provides an overview of popular musical styles from the Baroque period through the modern world. Rhythm and blues laid the groundwork for rock and roll that shook up popular music in the 1950s. Although improvisation was allowed during solo performances, the format became more structured, resulting in the swing style of jazz that became popular in the 1930s. Continuum Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World (New York: Continuum, 2003), 483. Throughout the last century, tastes in popular music have evolved to encompass a wide variety of styles. The hip-hop genre first became popular among Black youths in the late 1970s, when record spinners in the Bronx and Harlem started to play short fragments of songs rather than the entire track (known as sampling) (Demers, 2003). By the time four-track and eight-track recorders became readily available in the 1960s, musicians no longer had to play together in the same room; they could record each of their individual parts and combine them into a finished recording. Find event and ticket information. Another subgenre that emerged was gangsta rap, a controversial brand of hip-hop epitomized by West Coast rappers such as Ice Cube and Tupac Shakur. Early hip-hop artists, like Run-D.M.C., opposed the clean-cut, polished world of soul and pop by embracing political lyrics that were inspired by everyday life. In my U2 class, we listen to … The Rolling Stones’ urban rock sound steered away from pop music and remained more true to the bluesy, R&B roots of rock and roll. Although the gramophone was an exciting new development, it would take 20 years for disc recordings to rival sheet music in commercial importance (Shepherd, 2003). Choose a decade between 1900 and 2010. The Copyright Act of 1911 had imposed a royalty on all records of copyrighted musical works to compensate for the loss in revenue to composers and authors. Edison’s phonograph provided ideas and inspiration for Berliner’s gramophone, which used flat discs to record sound. “The ‘Me’ Decade and the Third Great Awakening,” New York Magazine, August 23, 1976, http://nymag.com/news/features/45938/. In the late 1960s, supporters of the civil rights movement—along with feminists, environmentalists, and Vietnam War protesters—were gravitating toward folk music, which would become the sound of social activism. Lots and Lots of Music. Describe the evolution of pop music throughout the last century. The first commercially available tape recorders were monophonic, meaning that they only had one track on which to record sound onto magnetic tape. An improvisational form of music that was primarily instrumental, jazz incorporated a variety of styles, including African rhythms, gospel, and blues. Can’t Buy Me Love: The Beatles, Britain, and America (New York: Harmony Books, 2007), 3–4.