During World War I, Spain remained neutral owing to the family connections of the king on both sides. His first wife having died in Britain in 1834, Carlos married her elder sister, his own niece Maria Teresa of Portugal, Princess of Beira in Biscay in October 1837.[1]. His fondness for football led him to support several "Royal" football clubs, including Real Club Deportivo de La Coruña, Real Madrid, Real Unión, and Real Zaragoza. He informed the members of Maria Cristina's government that they were confirmed in their posts, and proceeded to the Portuguese-Spanish border. The semblance of a court which Carlos maintained was torn by incessant personal intrigues. Alfonso VI died in Toledo on 1 July 1109. In 1931, municipal elections were held which were won by the republican parties. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History. In the first few years of the war, there were several moments when victory was within Carlos' grasp. Coat of Arms of Infante Alfonso of Spain.svg 1,072 × 1,236; 1.38 MB The Fundación Infante de Orleans, a foundation dedicated to the preservation of historical aircraft in Spain, established in 1989, is named in his honour. However, he did not formally abdicate. In 1902, his widow Maria Cristina initiated a national contest to build a monument in memory of Alfonso. consort to an Infanta naturalized as a Spanish Infante, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Infante Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime, Archduke Karl Pius of Austria, Prince of Tuscany, Infante Pedro Carlos, Infante of Portugal, Maria Isabella, Queen of the Two Sicilies, Amelia Philippina, Princess Adalbert of Bavaria, Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Maria Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier, María de la Paz, Princess Ludwig of Bavaria, Maria Teresa, Princess and Duchess of Bavaria, Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Infante_Carlos_María_Isidro_of_Spain&oldid=991838877, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit, Supernumerary Knights of the Order of the Holy Spirit, Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking in-text citations from February 2016, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Léonore identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Carlos María Isidro Benito de Borbón y Borbón-Parma, Moral Roncal, Antonio Manuel. Francisca was also sister of the second wife of Carlos' brother, Ferdinand VII. Carlos remained in Spain for five years. In September 1816, he married his niece Infanta Maria Francisca of Portugal (1800–1834), daughter of King John VI of Portugal and Carlos' sister Carlota Joaquina. From 1808 until 1814, he and his brothers were prisoners of Napoleon at the palace of Valençay in France. The main Bourbon line of Alfonso XII eventually triumphed, however. In 1930, Miguel Primo de Rivera resigned from his role of prime minister due to economic problems and general unpopularity. On 10 May 1907, their first child, Alfonso, Prince of Asturias, was born. After a revolution deposed his mother Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France. His heirs continued the arch-conservative cause, fought two more Carlist wars and were active into the mid-20th century, but never obtained the throne. Alfonso XIII of Spain, also known as El Africano, was the King of Spain from his birth in 1886 until the establishment of the Second Republic in 1931. His actions led to political instability, especially between 1902 and 1923, when 33 governments were formed in Spain. The last of these was the so-called Royal Expedition of the summer of 1837, when Carlos himself accompanied his army from Navarre to the outskirts of Madrid. On 10 October 1830, Ferdinand's wife gave birth to a daughter Isabella, who thereupon displaced her uncle in the line of succession. Subsequently, he used the title 'count of Molina'. Maroto was re-appointed commander-in-chief, and his opponents in Carlos' court were dismissed. Media in category "Infante Alfonso of Spain" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. His body was taken to the locality of Sahagún, and was buried in the Royal Monastery of San Benito, thus fulfilling the wishes of the monarch. During his reign, Alfonso repeatedly intervened in politics in an attempt to alternate liberal and conservative governments. Carlos remained in Portugal, which itself was in a state of civil war between the adherents of Carlos' nephew and brother-in-law Miguel and his grand-niece, Miguel's niece Maria II. In May 1845, Carlos renounced his rights to the throne of Spain in favour of his eldest son, Carlos Luis. Alfonso XII (Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo; 28 November 1857 – 25 November 1885), also known as El Pacificador or the Peacemaker, was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885.After a revolution that deposed his mother Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France. In September that year, General Miguel Primo de Rivera seized power in the coup. He died on 16 August 1966, aged 57. Infante Alfonso o Spain, Duke o Galliera (Alfonso María Francisco Antonio Diego; 12 November 1886 – 6 August 1975), wis a first cousin o Alfonso XIII o Spain.. Mairiage. The 'authorisation' was in fact an order to remove Carlos and his adherents from Spain. The king had come to the city to try to defend it from an imminent Almoravid attack. On the evening of Maundy Thurs­day, 29 March 1956, Al­fonso and Juan Car­los were at their par­ents' home Villa Gi­ralda in Es­to­ril, Por­tu­gal, for the Easter va­ca­tion, where Al­fonso died in a gun ac­ci­dent. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/alfonso-xiii-of-spain-8045.php, Marriage To Victoria Eugenie Of Battenberg & Issue, Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings, Celebrities Who Look Beautiful Even Without Makeup. There were ongoing conflicts between Carlos' military staff and the clergy who exercised significant influence over him. Peter the Great (Catalan: Pere el Gran, Spanish: Pedro el Grande; 1239 – 2 November 1285) was the King of Aragon (as Peter III) of Valencia and of Majorca (as Peter I), and Sovereign Count of Barcelona (as Peter II) from 1276 to his death. When Carlos removed him from office, Maroto marched to Tolosa where Carlos was living and made him a virtual prisoner. Peter III of Aragon. Alfonso XII (Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo; 28 November 1857 – 25 November 1885) was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885. He ordered the construction of Madrid’s luxurious Hotel Palace for his wedding guests. During the revolutionary troubles of 1820–1823 (the "liberal triennium"), Carlos was threatened by the extreme radicals, but no attack was made on him. In September 1839, Carlos left Spain for France, where he was briefly imprisoned. In May 1830, Ferdinand VII published the Pragmatic Sanction, again allowing daughters to succeed to the Spanish throne as well as sons. In February 1839, Maroto had four Carlist generals shot and issued a proclamation criticizing Carlos' court. Infante Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime (1849–1936). Don Carlos had support from Basque provinces and much of Catalonia, but lost the war and never became king. Although he felt quite disconnected from the court life from the very beginning, he took full authority as the king on his sixteenth birthday in 1902. Alfonso was born in Rome, the youngest son of the Infante Juan of Spain, Count of Barcelona and of his wife, Princess Maria Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.His godfather was the Infante Alfonso de Orleans y Borbón; his godmother was his father's sister Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain. But he endured a good deal of hardship, and was often compelled to take to hiding in the hills. The result was the bloody First Carlist War (1833–1840). But Carlos, who was heir presumptive to his brother, refused to renounce his rights to the throne, which he considered to have been given to him by God. Sancho IV the Brave was the King of Castile, León and Galicia from 1284 to his death. The posthumous son of Alfonso XII, he grew up alongside two elder sisters under the regency of their mother, María Cristina. In 1975 Alfonso died of a heart attack at his palace in Sanlúcar de Barrameda. In October 1834, his sister-in-law Cristina issued a decree depriving him of his rights as an Infante of Spain; this was confirmed by the Cortes in 1837. The war that occurred between 1920 and 1927 was fought between the Africanists who wished to conquer an empire in Africa and the abandonistas who wanted to abandon Morocco. Understanding the impact of the five leading causes of death in Spain. The king and his wife were able to escape. On the evening of Maundy Thursday, 29 March 1956, Alfonso and Juan Carlos were at their parents' home Villa Giralda in Estoril, Portugal, for the Easter vacation, where Alfonso died in a gun accident. Alfonso XIII (17 May 1886 – 28 February 1941), also known as El Africano or the African, was King of Spain from 1886 until the proclamation of the Second Republic in 1931. After a brief time in Austria, they settled in London where their younger son was born. After converting to Catholicism in March 1906, Victoria married Alfonso in May at the Royal Monastery of San Jerónimo, Madrid, in the presence of guests, including her cousins King George V and Queen Mary. Carlos V de Borbón. He was the second son of Alfonso X and Yolanda, daughter of James I of Aragon. In 1992 his remains were moved to Spain to be buried at the Escorial Monastery. Following World War I, Spain participated in the long but victorious Rif War. This eventually led to his arrest and banishment. After several days, Carlos himself decided to withdraw; his army melted away and was reduced to a third of its former strength. His mother was the king’s second wife, Maria Christina of Austria. [1] While there were certain conservatives in Spain who wanted to put Carlos on the throne immediately, Carlos himself was a firm believer in the legitimate succession and would never have taken up arms against his brother. Victoria later gave birth to more children, including Jaime, Beatriz, María, Juan, and Gonzalo. He soon joined his adherents at Elizondo in the western Pyrenees of Spain. He established an office in the Royal Palace to assist prisoners of war on all sides. The king, who was in France when informed about the ‘Disaster of the Annual,’ took no interest in the news and didn’t return to the country to comfort the families of the martyred soldiers. On 29 September 1936, Alfonso became the senior heir of Hugh Capet following the death of the Carlist pretender, Infante Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime. Infante Gonzalo Manuel María Bernardo Narciso Alfonso Mauricio of Spain (1914–1934), a haemophiliac, like his elder brother Alfonso. Juan Carlos, friends said, was traumatised by the death of his only brother and never really got over it. The posthumous son of Alfonso XII, Alfonso XIII was immediately proclaimed king under the regency of his mother, María Cristina. Infante Juan of Spain, Count of Barcelona (Juan Carlos Teresa Silverio Alfonso de Borbón y Battenberg; 20 June 1913 – 1 April 1993), also known as Don Juan, was the third son and designated heir of King Alfonso XIII of Spain and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg.His father was replaced by the Second Spanish Republic, and under his son, Juan Carlos I, a constitutional monarchy was restored. Infante Juan Carlos Teresa Silvestre Alfonso of Spain (1913–1993), heir-apparent to the throne 1941-1969, Count of Barcelona, and father of the current King, Juan Carlos I of Spain. In June 1838, Carlos appointed Rafael Maroto as his commander-in-chief. His father’s death in 1885 made him the King of Spain upon his birth. Carlos refused absolutely. These were: Carlos himself, his descendants, his ally and future wife Teresa of Portugal, Teresa's son Sebastian (1811–1875), and Carlos's nephew Miguel I of Portugal (1802–1866), the other absolutist rival monarch in another country. Carlos, however, was known for his firm belief in the divine right of kings to govern absolutely, the rigid orthodoxy of his religious opinions, and the piety of his life.[1]. During these years, he accompanied his armies, without displaying any of the qualities of a general or even much personal courage. He was also the younger brother of Juan Carlos de Borbón, nowadays Juan Carlos I King of Spain. During his reign, Alfonso continued the system of rotating the governments which led to political instability. On 15 January 1941, he abdicated his rights to the Spanish throne in support of his son Juan. Early life. Also Known As: El Africano or the African, Spouse/Ex-: Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (m. 1906), siblings: Alfonso Sanz y Martínez de Arizala, Fernand Sanz, Infanta María Teresa of Spain, María de las Mercedes; Princess of Asturias, children: Alfonso; Prince of Asturias, Fernando de Borbón y Battenberg, Infanta Beatriz of Spain, Infanta María Cristina of Spain, Infante Gonzalo of Spain, Infante Jaime; Duke of Segovia, Infante Juan; Count of Barcelona, Leandro de Borbón, See the events in life of Alfonso XIII Of Spain in Chronological Order. Infante Alfonso of Spain was the younger brother of King Juan Carlos of Spain. Madrid: Actas Editorial, 1999, María Luisa, Duchess of San Fernando de Quiroga, Isabella Alfonsa, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Inés Maria, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 02:16. In Madrid, his widow declared herself regent for their daughter. Ten years later, he died at a hotel in Rome, at the age of 54. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rey_Alfonso_XIII_de_Espa%C3%B1a,_by_Kaulak.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alfonso_XIII_in_uniform_of_a_British_Field_Marshall.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%D0%A4%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B5%D1%82_%D0%BA_%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%8C%D0%B5_%C2%AB%D0%98%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%8F%C2%BB._%D0%92%D0%BE%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D1%8D%D0%BD%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%BF%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%8F_%D0%A1%D1%8B%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0_(%D0%A1%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BA%D1%82-%D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B1%D1%83%D1%80%D0%B3,_1911-1915).jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alfonso_XIII,_cadete,_de_Manuel_Garc%C3%ADa_Hispaleto.jpg. Don Carlos María Isidro Benito de Borbón (29 March 1788 – 10 March 1855) was an Infante of Spain and the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Luisa of Parma.As Charles V, he was the first of the Carlist claimants to the throne of Spain.He was a reactionary who stridently opposed liberalism in Spain and the assaults on the Catholic Church. According to the report the five main causes of death in Spain, in descending order based on the number of overall deaths they accounted for, are: Ischaemic heart disease – (14.6%) Alzheimer disease … Infante Alfonso of Spain, Prince of the Two Sicilies, Duke of Calabria (30 November 1901 – 3 February 1964) was one of two claimants to the title of the head of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies from 1960 until his death in 1964. Alfonso Borbón y de Borbón was killed in an uninvestigated and obscure incident when he and his brother were manipulating a cal. In March 1833, Ferdinand 'authorised' Carlos to go to Portugal with his wife and sister-in-law. Following the ‘Disaster of the Annual’, the support for the abandonistas grew which contributed to the military coup d'état in 1923. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Following his death, the avenue Avenida de Alfonso XIII in Madrid was named after him. However, after realizing that the war was hopeless, he pulled back his troops with the aim of abandoning the Rif. His mother served as his regent until 1902 when he took oath as the future king on his 16th birthday. On 28 February 1941, Alfonso XIII of Spain died in Rome, at the age of 54. The Fundación Infante de Orleans, a foundation dedicated to the preservation of historical aircraft in Spain, established in 1989, is named in his honour. In April 1931, he was forced to leave the country though he refused to abdicate the throne. The winning design, by José Grases Riera, was erected in an artificial lake in Madrid's Parque del Buen Retiroin 1922. For almost another year, some of his commanders continued to fight on his behalf, especially in Catalonia. However, his tremendous courage in dealing with a plot to assassinate him on his wedding day in 1906 won him considerable admiration all over Spain. Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona : biography 20 June 1913 – 1 April 1993 Juan Carlos de Borbón (Juan Carlos Teresa Silvestre Alfonso de Borbón y Battenberg; English: John Charles Therese Sylvester Alphonse of Bourbon and Battenberg) (20 June 1913 – 1 April 1993), was the third surviving son and designated heir of King Alfonso […] As their son Gonzalo also suffered from haemophilia, Alfonso distanced himself from Victoria later on. However, by July 1840, almost all resistance was concluded. The Span­ish Em­bassy in Por­tu­gal is­sued an of­fi­cial communiqué: Infante Carlos, Alfonso Carlos's brother, led the Carlists in the third Carlist War of the 1870s. Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria; 20 April 1884 – 13 July 1966) was a member of the British royal family, a male-line granddaughter of Queen Victoria.She later married into the Spanish royal family, and was the wife of Prince Alfonso de Orleans y Borbón, Infante of Spain, a first cousin of Alfonso XIII of Spain. There, he was met by forces loyal to Maria Cristina and Isabella, who threatened to arrest him. Spanish infante, as the second child of Infanta Maria Teresa of Spain and her husband Prince Ferdinand of Bavaria, Infante of Spain. In July, he passed over to France, where he was actively aided by the legitimist party. In 1975 Alfonso died of a heart attack at his palace in Sanlúcar de Barrameda. In 1975 Alfonso died of a heart attack at his palace in Sanlúcar de Barrameda. They considered the Pragmatic Sanction not only impractical but also illegal. Coming to the throne at such an early age, Alfonso had served no apprenticeship in the … Maroto then began private negotiations with Cristina's commander-in-chief, and in August 1839 abandoned Carlos completely. They intrigued in favour of Carlos, but he himself would do no more than assert his rights in words. Alfonso Carlos was born in London, England to the exiled Juan, Count of Montizón. Alfonso XIII of Spain was born on 17 May 1886, in Madrid, Kingdom of Spain, as the posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain. In midst of the first Carlist War, on 15 January 1837, the Cortes passed a law, ratified by royal decree of Regent María Cristina, which excluded Don Carlos and several of his named allies from the succession to the Spanish crown and declared them stripped of their Spanish titles. His wife and her sister, Maria Teresa (1793–1874), the princess of Beira, on the other hand, were actively engaged in intrigues with the apostólicos.[1]. He had no personal desire for the throne, but he was adamant that he could not renounce what he considered to be his God-given rights and responsibilities. Alfonso XIII of Spain had two elder sisters, Infanta Mercedes, Princess of Asturias, who married Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, and Infanta Maria Teresa who married Prince Ferdinand of Bavaria, Infante of Spain. During a visit to UK in 1905, Alfonso XIII of Spain stayed at Buckingham Palace where he met the granddaughter of Queen Victoria and niece of King Edward VII, Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg. Carlos hoped to enter the city without any significant bloodshed, but when it became clear that only a battle would win the city, Carlos vacillated. In 1921, Alfonso’s favorite general Manuel Fernández Silvestre moved to the Rif Mountains of Morocco and later led his men into the Battle of Annual where Spain was defeated badly. He had been suffering from tuberculosis, but the immediate cause of his death was a recurrence of dysentery. Bio by: 380W In Spain, there were various risings which developed into the First Carlist War. When the Miguelist party was finally beaten in Portugal in 1834, Carlos escaped to the United Kingdom, where the government offered to grant him an annual pension of 30,000 pounds if he would renounce his claims and never return to Spain or Portugal. . In April 1833, Ferdinand called upon Carlos to take an oath of allegiance to Isabella as Princess of Asturias, the title traditionally used by the first in line to the throne. After the death of Jaime, Duke of Madrid, Alfonso Carlos assumed the mantle of the Carlist movement. He was a monarch from birth as his father, Alfonso XII, had died the previous year.Alfonso's mother, Maria Christina of Austria, served as regent until he assumed full powers on his sixteenth birthday in 1902. Early life. The couple had three sons: Apart from several formal offices, Carlos took no significant part in the government of Spain. He was buried at the Spanish national church, Church of Santa Maria in Monserrato degli Spagnoli. Alfonso XIII, (born May 17, 1886, Madrid, Spain—died February 28, 1941, Rome, Italy), Spanish king (1902–31) who by authorizing a military dictatorship hastened his own deposition by advocates of the Second Republic.. Alfonso was born in Rome, the youngest son of the Infante Juan of Spain, Count of Barcelona and of his wife, Princess Maria Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.His godfather was the Infante Alfonso de Orleans y Borbón; his godmother was his father's sister Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain. [2]Coming to the throne at such an early age, Alfonso had served no apprenticeship in the art of ruling, but he possessed great natural tact and a sound judgment ripened by the trials of exile. As Charles V, he was the first of the Carlist claimants to the throne of Spain. Alfonso had six illegitimate children from various mistresses, including Pauline of Saint Glen, Mélanie de Gaufridy de Dortan, Béatrice Noon, María del Carmen Ruiz y Moragas, and Marie Sousa.