Vinyloop-based recycled PVC's primary energy demand is 46 percent lower than conventionally produced PVC. Less desirably, hazardous molds have been found aboard space stations, molds that degrade rubber into a digestible form. Producing silicon and semiconductors for modern electronic equipment is even more energy consuming: 230 to 235 MJ/Kg of silicon, and about 3,000 MJ/Kg of semiconductors. Polyethylene plastic is common in things like containers, bottles and cases. Recent studies have shown that plastics in the ocean decompose faster than was once thought, due to exposure to sun, rain, and other environmental conditions, resulting in the release of toxic chemicals such as bisphenol A. In order to prevent such a catastrophe, experts have proposed a total single use plastic ban, wood burning bans while planting "as many trees as possible," "pollution-free recycling of electronics, and by 2030 all industries to be zero toxic discharge." 20%… of fish found during a recent expedition had plastic in their stomachs. They are also easy to clean, making them safe and hygienic for preparing and storing food. Annually approximately 500 billion plastic bags are used worldwide. iPhone 5c, a smartphone with a polycarbonate unibody shell, Molded plastic food replicas on display outside a restaurant in Japan. iron (from iron ore) requires 20-25 MJ/Kg of energy, glass (from sand, etc.) These chemicals are then combined with other chemicals to produce a polymer. Only 1 to 3% of plastic bags are recycled worldwide. If we do not recycle, it becomes waste. Packaging is the largest end-use market segment accounting for just over 40% of total plastic usage. So waste plastic could now become a useful source of building materials for poor people. Understanding plastic pollution can feel overwhelming. What can we do? pieces of plastic (not including microbeads – minuscule plastic balls found in toiletries like face washes and toothpaste) are estimated to be floating in the world’s seas. This web page contains plastic facts for kids and is an excellent resource for anyone of any age looking to learn about plastic products and materials. A solvent is used in a closed loop to elute PVC from the waste. One of them is Turtle, this animal almost 70 percent of its life depends on the waters in the sea if in the sea alone there is a lot of trash that is scattered then slowly it becomes food and even becomes an obstacle for the Turtle population. Plastic is filling up the landfills and sometimes if you burn it, it releases toxic fumes. The Marine Conservancy has predicted the decomposition rates of several plastic products. Most of our food and drink are wrapped up in it, its in the clothes we wear, and in the devices we use. Meanwhile, 50–80% of debris in marine areas is plastic. The transparent plastic that’s used for most drink bottles is called polyethylene terephthalate, or PET, and it can be turned into carpets or clothes. 25 recycled PET bottles can be used to make an adult's fleece jacket. Plastic pollution facts show it is ridding the world of m arine species, with over 700 on the edge of extinction, including Hawaiian monk seals and loggerhead sea turtles. That would be … Written by: William Norman. Plastics can be pyrolyzed into hydrocarbon fuels, since plastics include hydrogen and carbon. Life in our oceans, rivers - and even on land - is at risk from plastic pollution. Recycling certain types of plastics can be unprofitable as well. In current trend, annual emissions will grow to 1.34 billion tons by 2030. The student, Lise Vestergaard, is now working on a way to use solar power to make the bricks. There are ten common types of plastic manufactured and used today by humans. The North Atlantic garbage patch is estimated to contain mostly microplastics. Polymers are long chains of atoms bonded to one another. In 2018, a survey by the Global Oceanic Environmental Survey (GOES) Foundation found that the ecosystem in seas and oceans may collapse in the next 25 years, potentially causing failure of terrestrial ecosystem and "very possibly the end of life on Earth as we know it"; the main agents of this prediction were hypothesized to be plastic, ocean acidification, and ocean pollution. The global warming potential is 39 percent lower. The harder, translucent plastic used for milk or detergent bottles is high-density polyethylene, or HDPE, which can be turned into … Raising awareness of the negative effects of petroleum plastic on the environment. Although seeing beaches littered with plastic is an increasingly unsettling problem, it’s good to show your children how to respect the planet while they travel. Polystyrene plastic is common in things like disposable cups, disposable utensils and foam peanuts. Polyester plastic is common in things like clothing, bedding and other textile products. Harold Gillies is considered to be the father of plastic surgery; after the first world war, he performed thousands of surge Others can be changed by heating them up or even by melting them. Polyurethane plastic is common in things like automobiles and foam cushions. Kids Against Plastic. Most are made from petroleum or natural gas. Plastic makes up a large part of the Great Pacific garbage patch, also known as the Pacific trash vortex. We hope these plastic facts are interesting and help you learn more about this revolutionary man made material. PVC pipes or Polyvinyl Chloride, formed when a plasticizer liquid is added to the hard vinyl chloride, is used in making pipes, electric cables, clothing etc. The ten common types of plastic are acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), polyamide (PA), polycarbonate (PC), polyester (PES), polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), polyurethane (PU), polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC). Polypropylene plastic is common in things like. Plastics can be made into almost any shape by heating them at a high temperature. The plastic can then be made into new shapes. More than one million bags are used every minute. It was hard but flexible and transparent, and he called it "Parkesine.". Plastic bags were introduced to supermarkets in 1977. It is estimated that a foam plastic cup will take 50 years, a plastic beverage holder will take 400 years, a disposable nappy will take 450 years, and fishing line will take 600 years to degrade. Millions of animals and birds die due to plastic rubbish. So where does it go when we're done with it? More than 5 trillion pieces of plastic are already floating in our oceans. September 12, 2012 September 17, 2012 Kinooze Learning. As the softened plastic cools, it hardens. Production of plastics from crude oil requires 62 to 108 MJ/Kg (taking into account the average efficiency of US utility stations of 35%). For example, packaging beverages in PET plastic rather than glass or metal is estimated to save 52% in transportation energy. There are many types of plastic. Bike helmets, car airbags, and many medical supplies made with plastic save lives. However, developments are taking place in the field of active disassembly, which may result in more product components being reused or recycled. Most plastics are man-made; they do not occur in nature. One such house was found to be harmfully degraded by Cyanobacteria and Archaea. Most plastics are man-made; they do not occur in nature. Most plastics are durable and degrade very slowly, as their chemical structure renders them resistant to many natural processes of degradation. The Great Pacific garbage patch is estimated to be between 270,000 and 5,800,000 square miles in size. This is why the use of recycled material leads to a significantly better ecological outcome. 1-5 Plastic Surgery Facts 1. In Australia and in many parts of the world tap water is excellent. In such cases, the resources it would take to separate the plastics far exceed their value and the item is discarded. By 2050 plastic could emit 56 billion tons of Greenhouse gas emissions, as much as 14 percent of the earth’s remaining carbon budget. Plastic bags cause the death of many marine animals when they are mistaken for food. The effect of plastics on global warming is mixed. Over the last ten years we have produced more plastic than … And it’s now also in the deepest part of the oceans and in the most remote parts of the world. Engineers refine the petroleum which goes through a heating process. In 2009, it was estimated that 10% of modern waste was plastic, although estimates vary according to region. Plastics are generally made from petroleum. The Plastic Soup Foundation works together with schools and parents to sensibilise children to the plastic pollution issue and what it means for the planet. These gases and chemicals are extremely damaging to human, plant, and animal life. Plastic is a valuable resource in many ways, but plastic pollution is an unnecessary and unsustainable waste of that resource. Plastics are waterproof and do not rot away. Plastics contribute to approximately 10% of discarded waste. Acinetobacter has been found to partially degrade low molecular weight. Some can be shaped only when they are freshly made; then they become hard afterwards. In addition to facts about plastic, we provide additional resources to help you with your research on plastic materials and products. The plastic facts below will help you learn about who invented plastic, what is plastic used for, how plastic is made, how plastic affects the planet and other plastic related facts. The process of making plastics is usually quite complicated. 1. In 2017, it’s estimated that out of the 35.4 million tons of plastic produced in the United States, only 3 million tons of it was. Several species of yeasts, bacteria, algae and lichens have been found growing on synthetic polymer artifacts in museums and at archaeological sites. 1050 milk jugs can be recycled into one 6-foot plastic park bench. This is much higher than the energy needed to produce many other materials, e.g. By one estimate, one billion tons of plastic waste have been discarded since the 1950s. If you’re planning to hit the beach in destinations like Fuerteventura or Portugal during your next family holiday, it’s likely that you’re going to run into plastic pollution.. First, let’s get real: Not all plastic is bad. The first is when tiny bits of plastic are made on purpose. One kilogram of waste plastic produces roughly a liter of hydrocarbon. This makes it possible to recycle composite PVC waste, which is normally incinerated or put in a landfill. 1 tonne = 25,000 plastic bottles. Along with larger mammals even the tiniest organisms can be impacted by toxic microplastics which in … Seriously, single-use plastic items like ice cream spoons account for more than 40 percent of plastic waste, and each year about 8.8 million tons of plastic trash flows into the ocean. Controlled high-temperature incineration, above 850 °C for two seconds, performed with selective additional heating, breaks down toxic dioxins and furans from burning plastic, and is widely used in municipal solid waste incineration. Plexiglas is a kind of acrylic plastic. The rivers Yangtze, Indus, Yellow River, Hai River, Nile, Ganges, Pearl River, Amur, Niger, and the Mekong "transport 88–95% of the global [plastics] load into the sea.". Since 2012. An estimated 14 billion pounds of trash, much of it plastic is dumped in the world's oceans every year. It can stay in the ocean for thousands of years if it isn’t recycled. Every year we make enough plastic film to shrink-wrap the state of Texas. These factors contribute to the persistence of plastic debris in certain environments. Typically, workers sort the plastic by looking at the resin identification code, although common containers like soda bottles can be sorted from memory. According to a report from the Guardian, an estimated 8.3 billion tons of plastic have been produced since the 1950s — that’s equivalent to the weight of more than 800,000 Eiffel Towers. Plastic Pollution Facts for Kids . Acrylic lacquers are created form the acrylic plastic. A fungus known as Pestalotiopsis microspora was discovered to be able to breakdown and digest plastic. And that waste endangers wildlife. Tiny bits of plastic, called “microplastics”, are made in two main ways. Plastic is everywhere. Certain plastic pipes can be used in some non-combustible buildings, provided they are firestopped properly and that the flame spread ratings comply with the local building code. Parts of temporary Buildings like the Water Polo Arena and the Royal Artillery Barracks were recycled. Polyamide plastic is common in things like fishing line, bristles of a toothbrush and firearm frames. Plastic toys Polyvinylidene chloride plastic is common in things like. Problems & Concerns. Webster's Online Dictionary uses the words plastic and resin interchangeably to describe this substance. An average family will use 60 plastic bags on four visits to the supermarket. Some can be shaped only when they are freshly made; then they become hard. According to National Geographic, the worldwide production of plastics has grown from 147 million tons in 1993 to over 406 million tons in 2015. Plastic rubbish can be incredibly harmful to fish and other sea life. Another example is cloth such as Polar fleece, which is made of lots of tiny plastic threads. Prior to the Montreal Protocol, CFCs were commonly used in the manufacture of polystyrene, and as such the production of polystyrene contributed to the depletion of the ozone layer. In 1988, to assist recycling of disposable items, the Plastic Bottle Institute of the U.S. Society of the Plastics Industry devised a now-familiar scheme to mark plastic bottles by plastic type. Depending on their chemical composition, plastics and resins have varying properties related to contaminant absorption and adsorption. The heat softens the plastic, which can then be poured into a mold. Here are some lesser-known facts about plastic you really need to know. Scientists are very worried about plastic that ends up in the ocean. Recycling 1 tonne of plastic bottles saves 1.5 tonne of carbon. However, new processes of mechanical sorting are being developed to increase the capacity and efficiency of plastic recycling. They also mistake small bits of plastic, such as bottle tops and wrappers, for food and gobble them up – … Thermoplastics can be remelted and reused, and thermoset plastics can be ground up and used as filler, although the purity of the material tends to degrade with each reuse cycle. Microbial species capable of degrading plastics are known to science, and some are potentially useful for the disposal of certain classes of plastic waste. Written on: July 14, 2020. Plastic is harmful because it is ‘Non-Biodegradable ... Publishing news and facts, re-imagined and written for kids. An early success in the recycling of plastics is Vinyloop, an industrial process to separate PVC from other materials through dissolution, filtration and separation of contaminants. A picture of a few plastic containers used to store food. The presence of plastics, particularly microplastics, within the food chain is increasing. Facts about Acrylic Plastic 8: Acrylic lacquers. The futuro house was made of fibreglass-reinforced polyesters, polyester-polyurethane, and poly(methylmethacrylate.) Plastic has become a really big problem. By one estimate, one billion tons of plastic waste have been discarded since the 1950s. You’re in the learn section. Eat ice cream in a cone! Yay! Plastic piping and firestops being installed in Ontario. This is needed because uncontrolled incineration of plastic produces polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, a carcinogen (cancer causing chemical). This means that they keep warm things warm and cool things cool. For example, the small plastic beads, called “microbeads”, that are often added to facewash or toothpaste. A plastic is a material that can change its shape, so many things can be made of plastic. Shweta Sinha. Simply enter your email address to get our weekly facts! The problem occurs because the heat content of the waste stream varies. Learn . 52%… Damaging Turtle habitat The impact of the original garbage disposal going to the sea can cause animal life in it. Over 4 million plastic bottles is used by American every hour! In this way, the PVC Policy could be fulfilled, which says that no PVC waste should be left after the games had ended. Plastic bottle. Related posts Worms That Eat Up Your Plastic. Most of the materials that are called plastic are polymers. In the North Pacific Ocean, there are 6x more plastic debris than plankton. In 2017, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimated that plastics made up 19.2% of U.S. landfill materials. A picture of plastic pellets used to make plastic products. 18–35 MJ/Kg, steel (from iron) 20–50 MJ/Kg, paper (from timber) 25–50 MJ/Kg. Plastic rubbish pollutes for many, many, many years. Here are 22 Preposterous Facts About Plastic Pollution: In the Los Angeles area alone, 10 metric tons of plastic fragments —like grocery bags, straws and soda bottles—are carried into the Pacific Ocean every day. Plastics are a good insulator of heat. The long-term effects of plastic in the food chain are poorly understood. It develops ethylene and propylene, which are the chemical building blocks for many plastics. Phanerochaete chrysosporium has been grown on PVC in a mineral salt agar. A thermoplastic is a material, usually a plastic polymer, which becomes more soft when heated and hard when cooled.Thermoplastic materials can be cooled and heated several times without any change in their chemical or mechanical properties. Most plastics are durable and degrade very slowly, as their chemical structure renders them resistant to many natural processes of degradation. Others can be changed by heating them up or even by melting them.. All Rights Reserved. Other recyclable materials such as metals are easier to process mechanically. Plastics are mostly petrochemicals, made from petroleum, a type of oil. Our materials are produced by scientific researchers and build on our 10 years expertise as leaders in plastic and the oceans. In 2019 a new report "Plastic and Climate" was published. Alexander Parkes, an English inventor (1813-1890), created the earliest form of plastic in 1855. There are methods by which plastics can be broken down to a feedstock state. Limit your use of plastic: carry a non plastic reusable water bottle - think about how much money you'll save by not buying bottled water. There are differing estimates of how much plastic waste has been produced in the last century. Plastic utensils. Under this scheme, a plastic container is marked with a triangle of three "chasing arrows". The greatest challenge to the recycling of plastics is the difficulty of automating the sorting of plastic wastes, making it labor-intensive. While containers are usually made from a single type and color of plastic, making them relatively easy to sort, a consumer product like a cellular phone may have many small parts consisting of over a dozen different types and colors of plastics. Standard weight of one PET 2 liter bottle was reduced by 28% between 1970s and now (it … John Rex Whinfield formed Polyethylene Terephthalate or PET plastic which is used to make Ziploc storage bag. Polycarbonate plastic is common in things like compact discs (CDs), lenses and eyeglasses. Polyvinyl chloride plastic is common in things like window frames, flooring and a wide variety of plumbing pipes. The plastic bricks are strong and the heavy monsoon rains don't affect them unlike the mud bricks. According to the report plastic wiil contribute Greenhouse gases in the equivalent of 850 million tons of Carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere in 2019. Others estimate a cumulative human production of 8.3 billion tons of plastic of which 6.3 billion tons is waste, with a recycling rate of only 9%. Open-air burning of plastic occurs at lower temperatures, and normally releases such toxic fumes. In the 1960s microplastics were observed in the guts of seabirds, and since then have been found in increasing concentrations. This process was used after the Olympic Games in London 2012. Delhi to say NO to Plastic Bags. Animals and birds can get trapped, tangled and even strangled by all kinds of plastic waste, such as discarded fishing nets and six-pack rings from drinks cans. Other types of plastic will stay hard even when reheated. Phanerochaete chrysosporium was grown on PVC in a mineral salt agar. There are many types of plastic. Facts about Acrylic Plastic 7: Plexiglas. There are ten common types of plastic manufactured and used today by humans. British inventor Alexander Parkes is credited with inventing the first man-made plastic called Parkesine. In 1975 a team of Japanese scientists studying ponds containing waste water from a, Several species of soil fungi can consume, Microbial communities isolated from soil samples mixed with starch have been shown to be capable of degrading. A picture of a few plastic bottles used for water storage. Fact: Plastic rubbish doesn’t biodegrade. We’re here to help! Plastic represents 8% of total American waste weight, and 20% of its volume. Here are 22 interesting Plastic Surgery facts. Join thousands of other people getting facts in their inbox every week. It is created by reacting acrylic or methacrylic with a catalyst called methyl methacrylate. Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Lentinus tigrinus, Aspergillus niger, and Aspergillus sydowii can also effectively degrade PVC. If any of the below plastic facts are inaccurate, please contact us and let us know. Nocardia can degrade PET with an esterase enzyme. The Ocean Conservancy reported that China, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam dump more plastic in the sea than all other countries combined. Certain types of plastics can take up to 1,000 years to biodegrade. Much of this material may persist for centuries or longer, given the demonstrated persistence of structurally similar natural materials such as amber. Since the 1950s, around 8.3 billion tons of plastic have been produced worldwide. 1. These unrecycled wastes are typically disposed of in landfills, incinerated or used to produce electricity at waste-to-energy plants. We've put together 10 key facts that you should know on the reality of plastic pollution. One tonne of recycled plastic saves: 5,774 kWh of elecetricity, 685 gallons of oil, 98 million Btu’s of energy and 30 cubic yards of landfill space. One British scientist advocates "special protection and perservation of peat bogs, wetlands, marshlands and mangrove swamps to ensure carbon dioxide is absorbed from the atmosphere.". Due to the lightness of plastic versus glass or metal, plastic may reduce energy consumption. Much of this material may persist for centuries or l… Acrylic Plastic Facts. Copyright © 2020 Facts Just for Kids. This page was last modified on 21 October 2020, at 15:17. Plastic eating microbes also have been found in landfills. Phenol-formaldehyde, commonly known as bakelite, is degraded by the white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Others estimate a cumulative human production of 8.3 billion tons of plastic of which 6.3 billion tons is waste, with a recycling rate of only 9%. Plastic is a human-made material that can be shaped into many different solid objects. Nylon is used in making tents and clothing as it is light and resilient. Most of us use plastic every day. However, due to the increased volume of plastics in the ocean, decomposition has slowed down. According to the United Nations Ocean Conference, it’s estimated that by 2050 the oceans will contain more weight in plastic than in fish. But solving the plastic problem can be as easy as getting your sweet treat in a cone. People experimented with plastics based on natural polymers for a very long time. Then it can produce Plexiglas or polymethyl methacrylate. A plastic is a material that can change its shape, so many things can be made of plastic. Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene is common in things like electronic equipment cases and drainage pipes. British inventor Alexander Parkes is credited with inventing the first man-made plastic called Parkesine. 90%… of seabirds eat plastic rubbish, mistaking it for food. The fungus Aspergillus fumigatus effectively degrades plasticized PVC. For example, polystyrene is rarely recycled because the process is usually not cost effective. The fungus Geotrichum candidum, found in Belize, has been found to consume the. Acrylic plastics find their way into everything from paints and plumbing fixtures to windshields and dental cement. There are differing estimates of how much plastic waste has been produced in the last century. Municipal solid waste incinerators also normally include flue gas treatments to reduce pollutants further. Polymer degradation takes much longer as a result of saline environments and the cooling effect of the sea. 25 Plastic Facts for Kids Plastic is a human-made material that can be shaped into many different solid objects. When reheated, some types of plastic will soften again. This makes them great for storing liquids. Our goal is to provide you with accurate, up to date facts about plastics. If the plastic is incinerated, it increases carbon emissions; if it is placed in a landfill, it becomes a carbon sink although biodegradable plastics have caused methane emissions. Plastic pollution facts for kids; When huge quantities of harmful chemicals, substances, smoke, and gases are let out into the environment, it causes pollution. Typically, the caps for PETE bottles are made from a different kind of plastic which is not recyclable, which presents additional problems for the sorting process. About 8% of the oil produced worldwide is used in the production of plastic products and materials.