After the flowers are fertilized and fade away, black fruits, known as "drupes," form and ripen by fall. They're edible for both humans and wildlife. It is adaptable to soil types and pHs. A thin dry flesh with a sweet taste. Blackhaw tree facts suggest that this “tree” grows naturally as a large shrub, since Blackhaw viburnum trees (Viburnum prunifolium) don’t generally grow taller than 15 feet high. New foliage emerges with a pink to red flush before maturing a clean dark green. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The flowers are borne in flat-topped cymes 10 cm in diameter in mid to late spring. Tall hedge or screen. Form: Upright or erect, Vase. Blackhaw is one of the more shade-tolerant viburnums. Tolerates drought. Fruit is red and is native to both Europe and North America. Mapleleaf Viburnum prefers partial shade in moist acidic well-drained soils. Viburnum prunifolium L. – blackhaw Subordinate Taxa This plant has no children Legal Status Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. Berries mature to purplish-black and are eaten by both humans and birds. Fire in the landscape. Its fruit matures in October, becoming sweet Stems on emerging new growth are dark red with yellow green foliage which turns glossy dark green. The fruit is a drupe1 cm long, dark blu… Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. High in vitamin C. Flowers can be added to pancakes, cake batters or made into fritters. 1/3 inch oval fruits are a mixture of green, yellow, and red-pink that transition to blue-black at maturity and are attractive to wildlife (especially birds). AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WI , WV. Incorporate into the background of a native planting. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. form a strategic partnership called N.C. By no means are these small fruits a significant food source, but they provide a tasty nibble throughout fall and even through winter as they hang dried on the branches. Adaptable to most sites, wet, dry, sun or shade. Its twig form provides shelter to wildlife. Virginia Tech Dendrology is THE source for tree identification. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. 1552-Viburnum prunifolium-DZ-8.12.JPG 1,988 × 1,418; 1.13 MB In spring, masses of flat-topped creamy-white flower clusters, 4.5 in. The branches are perpendicular to the stem, unlike most other vase-shaped viburnums. Viburnums set fruit better with more than one shrub for pollination. The ovate glossy leaves are 3-4 inches long and 1 inch across with fine serrations and a pointed tip. wide (11 cm), are elegantly held above the foliage. blackhaw Caprifoliaceae Viburnum prunifolium L. symbol: VIPR Leaf: Opposite, simple, elliptical in shape, very finely serrate, 1 to 3 inches long, pinnately veined, with a reddish petiole and often reddish leaf … N.C. Use this shrub in borders, hedges, as a foundation plant or it will naturalize in woodland settings. Viburnum rufidulum has shiny leaves that turn burgundy-purple fall … Bloom Color: White. Individual flowers at 5 petaled and 1/4 inch across with long yellowish stamens. The black haw viburnum is a species of viburnum shrub that can also be trained to grow like a small tree. Resistant to heat and drought. It provides 3 seasons of interest and is a high-value wildlife plant. As a shrub, it typically grows 12-15' tall with a spread of 6-12', but as a tree may reach a height of 30'. Smooth Blackhaw, Blackhaw Viburnum, Plum Leaf Viburnum, Stagberry Photo by Cure Nursery Smooth Blackhaw, native to much of mid-latitude Eastern and central U.S., is a large deciduous shrub or small tree which usually grows to around 15 feet tall and wide, but if grown as a single-stemmed tree form, it can reach up to 30 feet. Viburnum prunifolium Blackhaw Viburnum Horizontal branching habit with white flowers followed by impressive black fruit. The berries of the blackhaw viburnum (V. prunifolium) can be made into preserves or Non-fragrant white flowers in flat-topped cymes (to 4.5" diameter) appear in spring. Fruit - raw or cooked. The spring flowers are in large white cymes and the fall leaf color is in reds and purples. As a shrub, it typically grows 12-15' tall with a spread of 6-12', but as a tree may reach a height of 30'. Birds relish the fruit. Native Range: Eastern and central North America, Tolerate: Drought, Clay Soil, Black Walnut, Air Pollution. It provides 3 seasons of interest and is a high-value wildlife plant. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to 4-5 inch clusters of small white fragrant flowers appear in the spring. The flowers are creamy white, 9 mm diameter; the calyx is urn-shaped, five-toothed, persistent; the corolla is five-lobed, with rounded lobes, imbricate in bud; the five stamens alternate with the corolla lobes, the filaments slender, the anthers pale yellow, oblong, two-celled, the cells opening longitudinally; the ovary is inferior, one-celled, with a thick, pale green style and a flat stigma and a single ovule. It is a host plant for Spring/Summer Azure butterflies. The leaves develop a beautiful red color in fall. The spring flowers are in large white cymes and the fall leaf color is in reds and purples. More than one genetic strain is needed for good fruit set. Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, squirrels and chipmunks. The website also provides access to a database and Fruits are edible and may be eaten off the bush when ripe or used in jams and preserves.Genus name comes from the Latin name of a species plant.Specific epithet means with leaves like Prunus.Common name refers to the purported similarity of this plant to hawthorns (sometimes commonly called red haws), though hawthorns are in a different family. Display from September to October. Very ornamental, Viburnum prunifolium (Blackhaw) is a large, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree noted for its eye-catching flower clusters, colorful berries and attractive fall color. Some of the best varieties for our area have been Blackhaw Viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium) and Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum (Viburnum rufidulum). Fruits can be eaten raw or used in jams and preserves. Bark is gray to brown on outside and reddish brown on inside. A Missouri native plant which commonly occurs in moist woods, thickets and on streambanks throughout the State. Two plants are required The … Viburnum prunifolium, commonly called black haw, is usually grown as a large, upright, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub with an irregular crown, but it also may be grown as a small, single trunk tree. Blackhaw Viburnum is an American spcies, a deciduous shrub which reaches 15 feet high producing a cluster of white flowers, serrated oval leaves and blue-black berries. The bark is brown-gray and smooth in youth, but rough with flat-topped plates and gray-black with age, Twigs are smooth, gray, and relatively thin. Blackhaw prefers partial sun to partial shade and moist to dry well-drained soils. Media in category "Viburnum prunifolium" The following 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total. Unlike other Viburnum species in my yard, V. prunifolium is largely left untouched by deer. Rehder, in 1920, wrote that Viburnum prunifolium flowers about a week before V. lentago, and Rader, in 1976, noted that V. prunifolium flowered about two weeks before V. rufidulum. Fall color ranges from golden yellow to orange to burgundy. This is a great shrub for naturalized areas or can be used as a hedge or specimen. Viburnum Blackhaw Tree Information is Another Unique Edible Plant Viburnum Blackhaw Tree Information is Another Unique Edible Plant. Blackhaw Viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium) fruit Chipmunks, squirrels and many bird species, including Hermit Thrush, Cardinals, Bluebirds and … Blooms with white flowers in May, followed by the dark rose fruit that changes to blue-black in the fall. Birds eat the purple-black fruit in the fall. Flat heads of white flowers in the spring. Flowers give way in autumn to blue-black, berry-like drupes which often persist into winter and are quite attractive to birds and wildlife. Strong Fall color makes this plant useful for mass plantings or specimen landscapes. Category: Viburnum prunifolium Attractive white flowers borne in May bearing black fruit. Blackhaw is drought tolerant, does well in urban conditions and can be pruned to a tree form. Most have attractive foliage with amazing fall color, clusters of blooms that develop into groups of tasty fruit for overwintering birds to devour. They turn red to purple in the fall. Pat Williams Location: Waukesha, WI This is one of my favorite viburnums. Fruit type (general) the fruit is fleshy Bark texture the bark of an adult plant is ridged or plated Twig winter color brown gray red Bud scale number The fruit is somewhat variable in size and quality, the best forms are nice raw whilst others are used for making preserves etc. It grows in rich soil from Canada south to Georgia and Kansas. Viburnum prunifolium, commonly called black haw, is usually grown as a large, upright, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub with an irregular crown, but it also may be grown as a small, single trunk tree. Viburnum Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium), another unique edible plant, is a native as an understory shrub in the Eastern and Midwestern United States. However, Blackhaw’s #1 highlight is it’s stunning fall foliage. Blooms from March to April. The flavor of the fruit resembles that of dates or prunes, with a nice sweetness and subtle smoky flavor. Shrub borders. It grows in hedges, woodlands and thickets. Can form thickets Flowers on old wood, prune after floweringTolerant of black walnut toxicity and aerial salt spray It is drought tolerant once established. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Viburnum prunifolium, Black Haw, Stagbush, bluish-black fruit, varying size, sweet, eaten in restaurants of hand, or used for jams, jelly, sauces, beverages and so on. It features abundant clusters of snowy white flowers called "cymes" that bloom in the spring. Virburnum trilobum, High-Bush Cranberry red fruit substituted for cranberries, used in sauces, juice, jams, jellies, syrup and wine. Berries mature to purplish-black and are eaten by both humans and birds. Small specimen tree or large specimen shrub. The ovoid fruit Viburnum prunifolium has smaller oval leaves that develop reddish-purple fall color. This plant has been used for medicinal purposed by Native Americans. —The sweet viburnum (Viburnum lentago L.), known also as nannyberry and sheepberry, is collected with V. prunifolium. A large shrub or multi-stemmed or single stemmed tree with dense, upright-oval branching. Flat-topped clusters of creamy-white flowers appear in mid May followed by blue-black fruit. Viburnum prunifolium vy-BURN-um prew-nih-FOE-lee-um Audio Blackhaw Viburnum is a large shrub or small tree with clusters of creamy white flowers followed by … Grow as a small tree or multi-stemmed shrub. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Viburnum prunifolium Virburnum setigerum, Tea Viburnum, leaves are used as a substitute as tea. The taste is best after a frost. Blackhaw is a large suckering native shrub or small tree that may grow 20 feet tall and nearly as wide. It will grow in deep shade but will rarely bloom. Viburnum prunifolium ‘Ovation’ – This form of the Blackhaw Viburnum is unusually columnar, much taller growing than its 4’ width. The fruit are a good food source for small mammals and birds such as the Eastern Bluebird, Northern Flicker, Gray Catbird, and American Robin. The edible fruit tastes like raisins. Prune immediately after flowering since flower buds form in summer for the following year. Viburnums set fruit better with more than one shrub for pollination. Ovate, finely toothed, glossy dark green leaves (to 4" long) turn attractive shades of red and purple in fall. The plants, though small, offer a nice mix of