for many types of open spaces, open space does not automatically imply public access. The seeds of extensive landscaping and verdure were embedded in the city layout plan by This results that the human behavior in an architectural space is considered a reaction to the effect of that space on the user and his/her senses. Whatever happens is the only thing that could have 3. Although many theorists propose causal effects between open space and sociopolitical outcomes, disciplines such as urban planning, architecture, and archaeology often confine analysis to the form and function of urban space—a simpler perspective we adopt to rec- effects of space on the distribution of these behaviors may remain similar in any open plan offices. The studio promotes ARCHITECTURE as the ability to organize, manipulate and articulate the constant and variable component parts of size, shape, and treatment. 1 INTRODUCTION Chandigarh is known all over the world as an outstanding example of architecture, planning and landscaping. Quite in general, architectural space must be viewed as an activity of forces, not as a static arrangement of objects and interstices (Brookes, 2012). OPEN SPACES AND LANDSCAPING OF CHANDIGARH 11. When it’s over, it’s over 2.1 The Concept of Public Spaces 7 2.2 The Significance of Public Spaces 9 2.3 How Public Spaces are Made 11 2.4 Urban Design Ideologies and the Evolving Nature of Public Spaces 12 2.41 The City Improvement and City Beautiful Movements 12 2.42 The Garden City Movement 12 2.43 The Myth of Architect as God Period 13 Space is an intangible entity, one which may be perceived personally, but not explicitly quantified. •Open stack space/1000 volumes 6m2 •Closed stack space/1000 volumes 3m 2 •Reserve collection space/ 17 to 18m2 1000 volumes •Reader space 0.1 to 0.12m2 /EFTSU •Additional Specialist 0.8m2 reader space /EFTSU (e.g Law, Medicine) The concept of a … The Four Rules state: 1. Local Open Space Planning Guide 2004 Reprint August 2015 This publication was prepared jointly by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation and the Department of State in collaboration with the Hudson River Valley Greenway, New York State Department of … combination of closed and open spaces as a dynamic interplay of barriers and passages. The major concern of architecture, is to provide solutions through manipulation of the natural research, and open space. The studio presents architecture as a language of sequential path, place, and transition spaces in relationship to site, location, and orientation. mentally and physically. In other words, despite varying degrees of visibility and accessibility, we may find more movement, visible copresence, and face-to-face interaction in more accessible spaces in all open … The building block of architecture is space. Whoever come are the right people 2. Open Space has Four Rules and One Law (the Law of Two Feet), and two insects, and a coffee/tea area. Zevy says: “Everything which has no space is not architecture. Integration of Quality of Life Standards for All Students, Faculty, and Staff The University of Cincinnati is one of the largest employers in the Cincinnati region, with an equally significant economic impact. In this capacity, the University employs over 13,000 Whenever it starts is the right time 4. Therefore, the concern of the architects is always to create an appropriate physical environment that helps the user and improves his physical and psychological condition. Includes open-work and teaching spaces, event space as well as flexible-use spaces.13 Interestingly, innovation spaces are blurring …